Alcoholism is the most severe form of alcohol abuse and involves the inability to manage drinking habits. It is also commonly referred to as alcohol use disorder. Alcohol use disorder is organized into three categories: mild, moderate and severe. Each category has various symptoms and can cause harmful side effects. If left untreated, any type of alcohol abuse can spiral out of control.
Individuals struggling with alcoholism often feel as though they cannot function normally without alcohol. This can lead to a wide range of issues and impact professional goals, personal matters, relationships and overall health. Over time, the serious side effects of consistent alcohol abuse can worsen and produce damaging complications.
Sometimes the warning signs of alcohol abuse are very noticeable. Other times, they can take longer to surface. When alcohol addiction is discovered in its early stages, the chance for a successful recovery increases significantly.
Common signs of alcoholism include:
● Being unable to control alcohol consumption
● Craving alcohol when you’re not drinking
● Putting alcohol above personal responsibilities
● Feeling the need to keep drinking more
● Spending a substantial amount of money on alcohol
● Behaving differently after drinking
Addiction is a chronic disease characterized by drug seeking and use that is compulsive, or difficult to control, despite harmful consequences. The initial decision to take drugs is voluntary for most people, but repeated drug use can lead to brain changes that challenge an addicted person’s self-control and interfere with their ability to resist intense urges to take drugs. These brain changes can be persistent, which is why drug addiction is considered a "relapsing" disease—people in recovery from drug use disorders are at increased risk for returning to drug use even after years of not taking the drug.
Most drugs affect the brain's "reward circuit," causing euphoria as well as flooding it with the chemical messenger dopamine. A properly functioning reward system motivates a person to repeat behaviours needed to thrive, such as eating and spending time with loved ones. Surges of dopamine in the reward circuit cause the reinforcement of pleasurable but unhealthy behaviours like taking drugs, leading people to repeat the behaviour again and again.
Common symptoms of drug addiction:
● Having the urge to consume the drug frequently.
● Having to increase the quantity of the drug to get the same effect.
● Spending more money on the drug even when one can’t afford it.
● Neglecting one’s own responsibilities such as work, family, etc.
● Going to the extent of stealing cash in order to purchase the drug, when one doesn’t have sufficient funds.
● Spending hours to have the drug in possession. Making sure that one has a stock at home.
● Coming to a realization where one intends on stopping drug consumption because of its negative effects, yet, being unable to resist the urge, returns back to the same old habits.
Pornography addiction is an addiction model of compulsive sexual activity with concurrent use of pornographic material, despite negative consequences to one's physical, mental, social, or financial well-being.
It’s important to note that “porn addiction” isn’t an official diagnosis recognized by the American Psychiatric Association (APA), neither the DSM-5 nor the ICD-11 classify compulsive pornography consumption as a mental disorder or addiction, but experiencing an uncontrollable compulsion to view porn can be as problematic for some people as other behavioural addictions.
Common Symptoms of porn addiction:
● find that the amount of time you spend watching porn keeps growing
● Increased isolation from family, friends, spouse, and/or sexual/romantic partner
● feel as though you need a porn “fix” — and that fix gives you a “high”
● feel guilty about the consequences of viewing porn
● spend hours on end perusing online porn sites, even if it means neglecting responsibilities or sleep
● insist that your romantic or sexual partner views porn or acts out porn fantasies even though they don’t want to
● are unable to enjoy sex without first viewing porn
● are unable to resist porn even though it’s disrupting your life
Supporting Humanity offer emotional support to those who are suffering from a substance or non-substance addiction. Our sessions will consist of providing, support, reassurance, acceptance, and encouragement as well as promoting the emotional well-being of adults through support and guidance. Our Emotional Support Workers will Set time aside with no distractions, either face to face/online/telephone.
We understand It is important to provide an open and non-judgemental space with and let our clients share as much or as little as they want to with open ended questions. We may offer them help in seeking professional support and provide information on ways to do this by sign posting them to another organisation or the GP.